martes, 29 de septiembre de 2009

Citas de Talcott Parsons

"Differential ranking of human individuals who compose a given social system and their treatment as superior or inferior relative to one another in certain socially important respects" (Parsons, Analytical Approach to Social Strat., 69)

Parsons: In the American system of stratification, women cannot be allowed to compete on an equal footing for the jobs of men; otherwise, this would threaten the stability of the family, and hence of society.

Separation of sex roles to prevent competition:
"One mechanism which can serve to prevent the kind of 'invidious comparison' between husband and wife which might be disruptive of family solidarity is a clear separation of the sex roles such as to ensure that they do not come in competition with each" (Parsons, 79-80).

Exclusion of Women's Independent Status
"The separation of the sex roles in our society is such as, for the most part, to remove women from the kind of occupational status which is important for the determination of the status of a family" (Parson, 80)

Instrumental vs Expressive Roles:

Instrumental Roles = men = outside family; occupational world; adaptation of society
Expressive Roles = women = inside family; tension management in family; socialization of children

Dress and Sex-1
"Women's far more in the direction of personal adornment and the related qualities of personal charm... . Men's dress is practically a uniform, admitting of very slight play for differentiating taste" (Parsons, 80)

Dress and Sex - 2
"This serves to concentrate the judgment and valuation of men on their occupational achievements, while the valuation of women is diverted into realms outside the occupationally relevant sphere. " (Parsons, 80)

Dress and Sex-3:
This difference appears particularly conspicuous in th urban middle classes where competition for class status is most severe. ... this phenomenon is functionally related to maintaining family solidarity in our class structure" (Parsons, 80).

Las ideas de Parsons eran vistas como:

-Parsons idea of the indiviual was seen as completely "oversocialized," "repressive," or subjugated in normative "conformity," if not downright fascist.
- In addition, Jurgen Habermas and countless others were of the belief that Parsons' system-theory and his action-theory was inherently opposed, indeed, hostile to each other and that Parsons' system theory was especially "mechanical," "positivistic," "anti-individualistic," "anti-voluntaristic" "de-humanizing" by the sheer nature of its intrinsic theoretical context. By the same token,Political power and the concepto f influence

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